Deep Vein Thrombosis is the formation of blood clots (thrombi) in the deep veins, usually in the legs.
Blood clots (thrombi) can occur in the deep veins, termed Deep Vein Thrombosis (Deep_Vein_Thrombosis), or in the superficial veins termed superficial venous thrombosis. The superficial veins are usually also inflamed but without clotting (or thrombosis), this combination of clotting and inflammation is referred to as superficial thrombophlebitis. Deep vein thrombosis occurs most often in the legs or pelvis but may also occasionally develop in the arms.
About half of the people with deep vein thrombosis have no symptoms at all. In these people, chest pain or shortness of breath caused by pulmonary embolism may be the first indication that something is wrong.
- Swelling in your foot, ankle, or leg, usually on one side.
- Severe, unexplained pain in your foot and ankle.
- Cramping pain in your affected leg that usually begins in your calf.
- Sn area of skin that feels warmer than the skin on the surrounding areas.
- Skin over the affected area turning pale or a reddish or bluish color.
For deep vein thrombosis, the main goal is to prevent pulmonary embolism. Hospitalization may be necessary at first, but because of the advances in treatment, most people with deep vein thrombosis can be treated at home. Bed rest is unnecessary except to help relieve symptoms.
People may be as active as they want. Physical activity does not increase the risk that a blood clot will break loose and cause a pulmonary embolism.