Veins carry deoxygenated blood from the tissues back to the heart. The flow in the veins is maintained by a series of valves which allow flow only towards the heart- one way traffic. When the valve gets damaged blood stagnates in the vein leading to varicose veins.
- Heaviness in the legs more on standing.
- Swelling in the leg which reduces on elevating the leg.
- Crampy pain more at night.
- Pigmentation around the ankle.
- Itching, ulceration and eczema.
- Spontaneous bleeding from the veins.
- Rarely clotting or Deep vein thrombosis.
- Many women have tiny veins in the skin- Spider veins which are due to hormone disturbances and do not require any treatment except for cosmetic purposes.
Varicose veins are treated with lifestyle changes and medical procedures. The goals of treatment are to relieve symptoms, prevent complications, and improve appearance.
If varicose veins cause few symptoms, your doctor may simply suggest making lifestyle changes. If your symptoms are more severe, your doctor may recommend one or more medical procedures. For example, you may need a medical procedure if you have a lot of pain, blood clots, or skin disorders caused by your varicose veins.
Some people who have varicose veins choose to have procedures to improve how their veins look.
Although treatment can help existing varicose veins, it can't keep new varicose veins from forming.